Building the community - Iberian Society
Among the social practices of the Iberian culture sacred rituals had a central role in the creation and maintenance of group identity as well as marker of social, gender and age differences within the community
Many classifications and typologies of Iberian sacred settlements have been formulated considering multiple variables (location, the rituals performed, the deities, public or private, etc.), However it should be noted that regardless of any of these categorizations, cult practices were embedded in the social networking and interpersonal relationships that create community life. Our knowledge about the ritual practices derive from of the various types of sacred spaces and votive assemblages. They consist of devotions addressed to a deity, female in most cases, which provided protection and care to faithful persons of different sex, age and social status. They practiced different types of rites, the most abundant ones associated to fertility and fecundity, but also rites of passage associated to young people or curative rites were of great importance.
The territorial sanctuaries had not only a function related to religious activities, but also one of their main functions beyond the religious meaning was to get visual control, specifically of the main routes, becoming, in this way, a strategic point for territorial control.